It has been over two decades now since the coordination committee of the UNESCO MaB (Man and the Biosphere) program declared the island of Menorca as Biosphere Reserve. The purpose is to internationally recognise the geographical areas that represent the Earth's various habitats. The Biosphere Reserves are chosen due to their scientific interest based on criteria pertaining to sustainable development.
This acknowledgement is based on several factors, for example, the important diversity of Mediterranean habitats and natural protected areas on the island such as the Natural Park s'Albufera des Grau, the Illa d'en Colom and the Cap de Favàritx; or the preservation of its coastline with large extensions of unspoiled beaches and coves, with cliffs that are nesting grounds for numerous species of protected birds, and even unique interior areas, such as the Barranc d’Algendar.
All of the Menorca towns are included in this declaration, comprising a humanised territory, with a rich traditional rural landscape. The well-preserved villages in all areas, the exceptional old quarters of Maó and Ciutadella and the rich pre-historic heritage, with the mysterious talaiots and taules throughout the territory, in addition to traditional livestock economy, are further contributing elements to the recognition of this island as Biosphere Reserve.
Menorca has chosen sustainability, so that future generations may continue to enjoy the natural resources and the beauty of the landscape that defines it.
The island offers a wide range of activities that are compatible and respectful with the natural environment, such as trekking on the Camí de Cavalls; cycling on the signposted paths; interesting botanical itineraries such as Pas d'en Revull, Es Torretó and Santa Eularieta; or sports such as scuba diving, snorkelling, water-ski, kayaking, sailing or windsurf, among others.