Menorca, Biosphere Reserve
The perfect balance between conservation, biodiversity, landscape and economic activity
Menorca was declared Biosphere Reserve in 1993, joining a “club” that only had a few hundred members in the whole world. The coexistence of economic activities and conservation of natural reserves are an example of territorial balance.
It has been over two decades now since the coordination committee of the UNESCO MaB (Man and the Biosphere) program declared the island of Menorca as Biosphere Reserve. The purpose is to internationally recognise the geographical areas that represent the Earth's various habitats. The Biosphere Reserves are chosen due to their scientific interest based on criteria pertaining to sustainable development.
This acknowledgement is based on several factors, for example, the important diversity of Mediterranean habitats and natural protected areas on the island such as the Natural Park s'Albufera des Grau, the Illa d'en Colom and the Cap de Favàritx; or the preservation of its coastline with large extensions of unspoiled beaches and coves, with cliffs that are nesting grounds for numerous species of protected birds, and even unique interior areas, such as the Barranc d’Algendar.
All of the Menorca towns are included in this declaration, comprising a humanised territory, with a rich traditional rural landscape. The well-preserved villages in all areas, the exceptional old quarters of Maó and Ciutadella and the rich pre-historic heritage, with the mysterious talaiots and taules throughout the territory, in addition to traditional livestock economy, are further contributing elements to the recognition of this island as Biosphere Reserve.
Menorca has chosen sustainability, so that future generations may continue to enjoy the natural resources and the beauty of the landscape that defines it.
The island offers a wide range of activities that are compatible and respectful with the natural environment, such as trekking on the Camí de Cavalls; cycling on the signposted paths; interesting botanical itineraries such as Pas d'en Revull, Es Torretó and Santa Eularieta; or sports such as scuba diving, snorkelling, water-ski, kayaking, sailing or windsurf, among others.
To know more
Talaiot Talatí de Dalt (Maó, menorca)
An archaeological site that conserves intact the monumental central "T"
Talaiot Torre Trencada (Ciutadella, menorca)
The only taula that is still standing in the city of Ciutadella
Archaeological Site Taula i Talaiot de Trepucó (Maó, menorca)
The "prehistoric capital" of the eastern side of the island
Archaeological Site Poblat de la Torre d'en Galmés (Alaior, menorca)
One of the finest examples of talayotic villages on Minorca and the second-largest in size
Archaeological Site Torralba d'en Salort (Alaior, menorca)
The village with the best-conserved taula on Minorca
Events Camí de Cavalls Epic 360 (Maó, menorca)
Live a legendary adventure through the historic trail around the island
Museum Bastió de Sa Font, Museu Municipal de Ciutadella (Ciutadella, menorca)
A municipal museum specialised in the heritage of Ciutadella
Necrópolis Cala Morell (Ciutadella, menorca)
One of the prettiest necropolises of Minorca on the north coast
Aisle Es Tudons (Ciutadella, menorca)
The most emblematic funerary monument from the prehistory of Minorca
Castle Sant Felip (Es Castell, menorca)
One of the largest fortresses in the Mediterranean in the 18th century